Reinforcement Systems at LVE
What do you think traffic would be like if, instead of getting a $100 ticket for a driving error, drivers get a $100 bill from an officer who observed careful driving? That just might be what some of us need to improve our driving skills — REINFORCEMENT!!! The first rule of reinforcement theory: If you want to increase a behavior, then, when the behavior is shown, provide a reward! (B. Skinner, 1953)
When using reinforcement to acknowledge positive behavior, good practice is to use a variety of activities and items that have meaning and value to the student. Some examples of school-wide reinforcement systems that have been used this past year include:
Find ways to provide reinforcement at your home for expected behaviors! Often, we think of earning an allowance or a sticker chart. These are two examples that many parents may have heard of, but there are a lot of ways to encourage appropriate and expected behaviors at home, school and within the community. Have fun!
- Golden Tickets: These are tickets handed out to individual students who are exhibiting the expected behaviors as posted on our behavior matrix for different shared areas throughout the school.
- Golden Ticket Lunches: Once a student receives a golden ticket for exhibiting expected behaviors, they turn their ticket into their teacher. On Fridays, each teacher chooses two golden ticket winners to eat lunch with the school psychologist. We eat in the gym, outside, or music room and may watch a video or play games.
- Wall of Fame Award: Given when students go above and beyond our expectations. The student gets his or her picture taken and put up on the wall, a positive phone call home and a Raider rubber band bracelet to wear.
- Student Shout-Outs: Students can write up a shout-out award to acknowledge their classmates for exhibiting expected behaviors. Mr. Kraus then reads 2-3 shout outs (along with birthdays and the weekly focus/Super Skill) over the intercom during our Monday morning announcements.
- Monthly Challenges: At our monthly PBIS team meetings, we review data and our action plan in order to target school wide monthly challenges. If we notice many behavior concerns or office referrals from certain areas (recess, cafeteria, hallways, etc.), we’ll have a challenge dedicated to improving systematic supervision, teaching and reinforcement in those areas. Sometimes the challenges are student focused, and sometimes adult focused. This past year we have engaged in a Golden Ticket Challenge (can each class earn 150 golden tickets in a month?), Relationship Challenge (focus on building relationships with students and parents), Kindness Challenge (each day had a different kindness activity to engage in), a Morning Club challenge (increase staff systematic supervision during morning clubs to ensure students are heading to a club instead of wandering the hallways) and more!
- April’s challenge is dedicated to improving expected behaviors at Recess. A golden basketball is put in the window of the cafeteria after recess if expectations were followed. Four golden basketballs in a week earns the class an extra recess!